IPP Report 7, Improving the model of recruitment and selection of officers in the Portuguese public administration (in Portuguese), by Paulo Trigo Pereira and Luís Filipe Mota Almeida, intends, in the light of a theoretical reflection that takes into account other experiences and national and international analysis, contextualize the recruitment and selection model of public administration managers in Portugal and the role played by the Recruitment and Selection Commission for Public Administration (CReSAP).

This Report is a contribution to a re-evaluation of CReSAP’s role in the context of the selection of management personnel in the near future and to this end it makes some suggestions for changes which, taking into account the core values ​​of public service, aim to ensure the improvement of a model that after seven years of validity is already in a condition to be evaluated and improved.

Some important solutions seem to be considered and analyzed in this Report, such as the structural distinction between political and technical positions, a change in the model of appointment of the president of CReSAP to strengthen his independence from the Government and to ensure greater consensus on the nominee, the imposition of limits on renewals in middle management positions, the establishment of a (mandatory) maximum period of 90 days for the duration of the replacement of a managerial position or the mandatory publication in the Diário da República of the conclusions contained in the opinions or evaluations prepared by CReSAP and possibly by the Assembleia da República in the context of the recruitment processes with its intervention.

The IPP Policy Brief 13, “Think tanks and their value for public policy” (by Anna Llagostera), aims to raise awareness of the potential and range of an organization such as a think tank.

The lack of understanding of what a think tank does and what their potential impact can be on public policy is in great part still a mystery.

Despite the growing number of think tanks in the world, in Portugal, think tanks are still very much unknown and their concept is constantly dissociated from the organizations.

This Policy Brief aims to contribute to the recognition of these institutions, broadening their impact capacity.

The IPP Policy Brief 12Assessing Budget Credibility: the case of public investment in Portugal (by João Matias), is the outcome of a partnership between Institute of Public Policy and International Budget Partnership, where the main goal was to learn more about why governments deviate from their budgets in particular areas and how they justify these deviations. The elaboration of this policy brief was intended to address credibility and budget transparency, and it was possible to show that much more work is needed to produce adequate explanations.

Globally, the project involved 23 civil society organizations and, in Portugal, the case analyzed was the underspending of the budgeted amounts of public investment. Some potential explanatory hypotheses were raised, such as the fact that public investment has been used as a adjustment variable.

You can also see more information in the Global Report (here) and in the case summaries (here).

Institute of Public Policy publishes here the fourth number of our Working Paper series: The resistible rise of international authority, by Liesbet Hooghe, Tobias Lenz and Gary Marks.

This working paper is based on the interventions on the conference “Europe at the Cross-Roads: Challenges of the EU for National Politics” held at Instituto de Ciências Sociais da Universidade de Lisboa, in October 2018, a partnership between Institute of Public Policy, MAPLE, and FLAD.

Institute of Public Policy publishes here the third number of our Working Paper series: The social bases of the transnational cleavage in Europe, by Gary Marks, David Attewell, Jan Rovny and Liesbet Hooghe.

This working paper is based on the interventions on the conference “Europe at the Cross-Roads: Challenges of the EU for National Politics” held at Instituto de Ciências Sociais da Universidade de Lisboa, in October 2018, a partnership between Institute of Public Policy, MAPLE, and FLAD.

Institute of Public Policy publishes here the second number of our Working Paper series: More “Europe”, less democracy?, by Ruth Dassonneville, Alexandra Jabbour and Michael S. Lewis-Beck.

This working paper is based on the interventions on the conference “Europe at the Cross-Roads: Challenges of the EU for National Politics” held at Instituto de Ciências Sociais da Universidade de Lisboa, in October 2018, a partnership between Institute of Public Policy, MAPLE, and FLAD.


Rita has a degree in Economics from the Lisbon School of Economics and Management (ISEG – University of Lisbon).

After graduating, she interned at LPM, a communication and PR agency in the summer of 2017, and entered the master’s degree in Strategic Management of Public Relations at the Escola Superior de Comunicação Social (IPL), which she is currently finishing.

She was a production assistant at the 22nd International INPUT – OUTPUT Conference at UECE ULisboa held at ISEG in the summer of 2014 and worked at YoungNetwork Communications, where she had clients in healthcare, technology and a variety of institutional clients.

Since mid-2018, Rita is the communications assistant at the Institute of Public Policy.


Expertise: public finances and good governance, democracy and accountability

Paulo Trigo Pereira (PhD Economics, 1994), is Full Professor of Public and Welfare Economics at ISEG, Lisbon School of Economics and Mangament (University of Lisbon).

On leave from the University (2015-…), he is currently a Member of the Portuguese Parliament, elected in Socialist Party lists, and unaffiliated member since December of 2018.

He served as Vice-Chair of the Budget, Finance and Administrative Modernization Committee, a member of the European Affairs Committee and of the Temporary Committee for the Strengthening of Transparency in the Exercise of Public Functions, until December of 2018.

He has been chairing the Master of Public Policy, and teaching Public Finance, Institutional Economics and Law and Economics at ISEG.

Author of several  books on Portuguese Public Finance and Institutional Economics and research papers in social choice, public choice and electoral studies.

He has been visiting researcher or scholar at several universities: UvA (Netherlands),  London School of Economics and Leicester University (UK), Turku  (Finland) New York and Yale Universities (USA).

Apart from academia he did some consultancy for Portuguese governments on regional and public finance as well as the reform of the State.

He has been leading civil society projects on Budget Transparency in Portugal (the «Open Budget Survey» and «Budget Watch»), and has  a regular presence in the Portuguese media (TV channels and newspapers «Público» and now «Observador»).

He is also the co-founder and President of the Strategic and Scientific Board of the Institute of Public Policy.


Expertise: public finances and good governance

José Alves is currently finishing his PhD in Economics at the Lisbon School of Economics and Management (ISEG – UL). His research has mainly been in public finance, having published articles in international journals, and has collaborated as a revisions referee for scientific articles for journals such as Applied Economics LettersJournal of Applied Economics e Review of Public Economics. As a former research fellow he is the co-author of some book chapters.

Currently, José is project manager at Laboratório Nacional de Engenharia Civil (LNEC).


Expertise: public finances and good governance

Marta interned at the Institute of Public Policy in the summer of 2018 and is currently finishing her bachelor degree in Economics at Nova SBE, of which one semester she attended the University of Bern.

Marta is vice-president at Social Investment Fund, which consists of a group of students from Nova SBE that invest collectively in the stock market.


Expertise: democracy and accountability 

Sofia is currently completing her PhD in Comparative Politics by ICS – Lisbon University in 2018 funded by FCT. Since then she has spent time in Leeds, Oxford, and Viena as a visiting student. She holds a Master(2014) and a Bachelor (2012) degree in Political Science by ISCTE – University of Lisbon.

She´s currently researcher for the project “Crisis, Political Representation and Democratic Renewal: The Portuguese case in the Southern European context” at CIES/ISCTE – Lisbon University Institute.

Sofia has participated as a researcher at the European Research project “EUvox 2014” in 2014, in the project “Elections, Leadership and accountability: Political Representation in Portugal, a longitudinal and comparative perspective” (2012-2013) and in the project “Instituições, atitudes e comportamentos políticos: Brasil e Portugal em perspetiva comparada” (2016-2017) in cooperation with Brasilia University (Brasil).



Expertise: public finances and good governance

Assistant Professor at ISEG – Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestão, University of Lisbon. He was an assistant at ISEG between 2007 and 2014 and is currently a guest Professor at Fundação Getúlio Varga, Rio de Janeiro. He is also a guest Professor at several national and foreign universities.

Joaquim has a Phd in Finance from Tilburg University, a Msc in Finance from ISCTE – Instituto Superior de Ciências do Trabalho e da Empresa, and a Bachelor degree in Management by ISEG – Institutro Superior de Economie e Gestão. He has a postgraduate degree in Taxation at IDEFE/ ISEG, the Advanced Program in Public-Private Partnerships at Universidade Católica and the “Driving government performance”, at the Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University.

He was the economic advisor to the President of the Republic, Professor Cavaco Silva, between 2012 and 2016. He worked for ten years at the Ministry of Finance and was a consultant at the UTAO (Technical Support Unit for Budget).


Expertise: public finances and good governance, democracy and accountability

Luís has a Bachelor degree in Administrative Law by Faculdade de Direito da Universidade de Lisboa (FDUL), where he won the FDUL/CVG award accredited to the best master student at FDUL (2015/2016).

He is the author of several scientific articles in the field of administrative law, local law, public service law, contractual law and administrative procedural law, and has been speaker at conferences on the subject of Local Municipalities.

Luís´s master thesis titled “The Statue of the right of Opposition in Local Municipalities”, will be published as a book by the Association of Studies of Regional and Local Law throughout this year.

He has participated in the Institute of Public Policy´s monthly column in the Portuguese newspaper “Público” and currently participates in the project “Green Paper for the reform of municipal democracy and appreciation of the role of municipal assemblies” (developed following the protocol signed with the National Association of Municipal Assemblies).


Expertise: public finances and good governance, social policy

Francisco Nunes is an assistant professor in the Economics department at ISEG – University of Lisbon. With a Phd in Economics, his research interests include welfare economics, poverty and social inequality, economics and public finance, Portuguese and European social policy and comparative analysis of welfare systems.

He co-authored international articles and magazines, such us Journal of Applied StatisticsJournal of Income DistributionJournal of Socio-Economics.

Francisco is responsible for Economics 1 course, a common class for the undergraduates at ISEG, and has been lecturing the course of Economics and Public Finance. He collaborates as a theses advisor for the Phd students of Development Studies. Francisco is a researcher at UECE (Research Unit on Complexity and Economics) and assisted organizing international conferences.

Francisco is vice-president of the pedagogic board at ISEG.

We publish here IPP Policy Paper 14: The European labyrinth of budgetary rules and the “Medium Term Objective” (in Portuguese), by Paulo Trigo Pereira, President of the Scientific and Strategic Council of the Institute of Public Policy.

In the e-book Portuguese electoral system: problems and solutions, which featured Marina Costa Lobo as coordinator, we wanted to join voices of those who for years intervened in the reform of the electoral system, to do a brief state of the art on the debate around this issue.

With this exercise we intend to contribute to the perception of the distance of positions between the main parties, but also to try to find a common denominator to be presented as a consensual reform – at least from the academic point of view. This e-book is part of Institute Public Policy’s mission, which aims to facilitate the debate on the reform of the Portuguese political system.

The chapters in this e-book are the result of presentations made at an IPP seminar in October 2017 in which we gather experts who generally agree on the introduction of preferential voting, while proposing broader changes to the electoral system as well as politicians who have been interested in the subject in their political activities.


Get here

In the context of the 2019 edition of the Budget Watch project, we publish our sixth Report: Budget Watch: SB 2019 – budgetary rigor and transparency (in Portuguese), coordinated by João Ferreira do Amaral and Joana Andrade Vicente.

This analysis to the State Budget proposal for 2019 results from the analysis carried out by an IPP/ISEG team regarding rigor, transparency and budgetary responsibility. In addition to analyzing these dimensions, Budget Watch also encompasses an analysis of SB’s more or less business-friendly growth-promoting characteristics, which results in the Deloitte Pro-Business Index.

This analysis first served to support the evaluation of the Budget by the Scientific Advisory Council, composed of 21 economists/academics, through a survey resulting in the IPP/ISEG Budget Index. The intended analysis is purely technical, independent and objective, in the light of good international reporting practices and the budgetary procedure.

Report BWOE2019

In June 2018, “Work in the Digital Age. Challenges of the Fourth Industrial Revolution” book was published by the German think tank Das Progressive Zentrum, Policy Network and Foundations for European Progressive Studies.

The book brings together analyzes from more than 50 public policy professionals around the world, who discuss the effects of automation, stationary productivity, growing regional disparities, and increasing levels of inequality between and within countries.

As the digital revolution is unfolding it creates chances for boosting growth and productivity, thereby improving people’s lives. But it also brings with it significant political as well as social challenges and risks increasing inequality.

This book makes it possible to clarify these changes and address the challenges in order to create a constructive and informed debate. The responsible member for the analysis to the Portuguese economy was Joana Andrade Vicente, a research fellow of the Institute of Public Policy.

Here you can find the link to the book’s PDF (free), and it is also possible to buy it in bookstores.

Learn more about this on the Das Progressive Zentrum page and do not miss the article in the newspaper Público about it.

IPP Policy Brief 11, Reform of the euro area: a Portuguese comment on a Franco-German proposal, comes after the publication of a recent article by a group of well-known French and German economists, with proposals to change the rules and institutions of the euro area. This brief presents a number of constructive comments on this Franco-German proposal by three Portuguese economists, namely Miguel Faria-e-Castro (economist at the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis), Ricardo Reis (professor at the London School of Economics) and Ricardo Cabral (U. Madeira professor and director of the Institute of Public Policy).

The Policy Brief focuses on the macro-financial aspects of the original proposal, where recommendations are discussed to improve banking regulation, financial market stability and debt solvency crisis management, whose relevance to Portugal is unavoidable. Despite extensive technical and political debate, the authors note that member states have still not been able to agree on significant steps forward, always seeming to lack political conditions. “In 2016, it was Brexit. In 2017, elections in France and Germany. 2018 seems to be a “window of opportunity,” but an implementable commitment remains to be achieved.”

The brief is divided into three strategic objectives, each one being approached by a different author.

Through the implementation of this Policy Brief, the authors intend to contribute to draw attention to the reform of the euro area in the public debate in Portugal and thus stimulate reflection and discussion on a fundamental and urgent theme.

Under the project A pension system for the future (with the support of the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation), we publish here IPP Policy Paper 13: The public and political debate on pensions in Portugal, by IPP researchers Daniel Carolo, Luís Teles Morais and Joana Andrade Vicente.

In this Policy Paper, a synthetic and critical view of the current state of the public and political debate about the pension system in Portugal is presented.

Strong dissent continues to exist not only at the political level, but also at the technical level, on the diagnosis of the system’s short, medium and long-term financial equilibrium, and on how to deal with a certain social heritage. Both the “left” and the “right” sectors have contributed to the persistence of these difficulties in the debate, persisting in some vices of argument and conceptual inaccuracies.

It has been found that the debate has been inconsequential, contributing to the low understanding by the citizens about the functioning and challenges of the system, and to less transparent political decisions that seem to favor grandfathering.