Headwinds and Tailwinds: Navigating Budgets in Turbulent Times – Launch of the Open Budget Survey 2023

The International Budget Partnership will launch its latest Open Budget Survey report – the only independent, comparative, and regular measure of budget transparency and accountability around the world – at a virtual public event. This latest survey marks our largest round ever—with 125 countries assessed. As conversations around climate financing, debt and other key issues loom large, the budget process is an essential space for governments to engage their people in critical decisions they are making around how to raise and spend public money.  Our launch presents a unique opportunity to showcase key findings from the survey and concrete paths to…
Read More

Policy Paper 34 | The Sustainable Development Goals in the budgetary process of Local Authorities

The 2030 Agenda and its 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are relevant to local strategic development for several reasons. The 2030 Agenda offers a global action plan for sustainable development, with targets that can be localized and adapted to the specific realities of each municipality. An integration of the SDGs in strategic planning starting at the definition of strategic priorities and aligning them with the existing munic- ipality planning instruments, ensures that public resources are used efficiently and effec- tively, contributing to the achievement of the SDG targets. In the budget process, the integration of the SDGs can be done…
Read More

Policy Paper 33 | Public Sector Efficiency: exploring (some) reasons for why it’s needed

A country's performance is significantly influenced by the size and efficiency of its public sector, as well as how effectively it utilizes its often-limited resources. Evaluating the performance of the public sector and understanding the factors driving its efficiency are crucial from both economic and policy perspectives. This evaluation enables the maximization of societal welfare and the optimization of investment projects, thereby stimulating economic growth. The literature has long debated the role and size of government, particularly due to the considerable variations in government spending across countries. This debate gains even more significance in times when governments face stringent budget…
Read More

Policy Paper 32 | Tax Effort, Tax Capacity and Tax Potential in Portugal

This policy paper aims to provide and discuss empirical estimates of tax effort, tax capacity and tax potential in a comparative perspective with an emphasis on Portugal´s placement within the group of advanced economies. A careful discussion of the concepts of tax effort, tax capacity, and tax potential is particularly important as these offer valuable insights into the efficiency and sustainability of the tax system, providing a basis for informed fiscal policy decisions that can impact economic growth, fiscal stability, and social equity. Click here to read the Policy Paper 32 - Tax Effort, Tax Capacity and Tax Potential in Portugal
Read More

Policy Paper 32 | Gender-sensitive Budgeting – Implementing Gender-sensitive Budgeting in Portugal

Gender-sensitive budgeting (GSB) was formally introduced in Portugal through the State Budget Law of 2018. However, its implementation has been slow, with progress being mostly at an introductory stage. The objective of this policy paper is to analyze the process of introduction and implementation of GSB in Portugal, identifying the progress made, as well as the limitations and constraints hindering the consolidation of the initiative. The policy paper is structured as follows. A brief introduction defines GSB and justifies its relevance for promoting gender equality. The implementation process is then characterized, with a brief assessment of its achievements and limitations.…
Read More

Policy Paper 31 | Intergenerational Health Justice Index

Health and public health policies have an intergenerational potential that is not dispensable, and it is necessary to consider the long-term effects of the decisions associated with these policies. The socio-economic determinants of health, the economic development and the sharing of resources have implications for the health of future generations and therefore deserve specific attention. In fact, in health, the benefits and contributions to health investments are captured differently throughout the life of each individual, but also between individuals of different generations. The potential discrepancies between the various generations therefore motivate the analysis of the evolution of intergenerational justice in…
Read More

Policy Paper 30 | Policy and Regulation of Artificial Intelligence in the AI Act and in Portugal

This Policy Paper addresses the policy and regulation of Artificial Intelligence, with a particular focus on the AI Act and the context in Portugal. It includes thorough analyses and clear recommendations on public policies. The authors, André Ilharco and Steffen Hoernig, provide a comprehensive perspective on the impact of AI in society and legislation. The document explores AI's implications in various sectors, discussing both the challenges and opportunities it presents. It is essential for those looking to understand the intersection of AI technology and public policies in a European and Portuguese context.Click here to read Policy Paper 30 "Policy and…
Read More

Climate Wall at ISEG

  The IPP (Institute of Public Policy), ISEG, and Transitar organized an awareness event on climate change, which had the participation of approximately 200 first-year students from ISEG's undergraduate programs. This initiative, held on September 12, included the training of teachers, staff, and second or third-year students to act as facilitators in the Climate Mural. New students were invited to join the Climate Mural, a awareness proposal for the causes, consequences, and side effects of climate change, based on the work of the IPCC - Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, of the UN. The construction of the mural, through a…
Read More

Policy Paper 28 | The Structural Funds and the Challenges of Governance

Acting in a context where most of the previously existing national-level policy instruments have disappeared, and where other European policies potentially have more significant effects than the European Funds themselves, these funds are now an essential component of public policies and national planning processes. Understanding their inherent limitations and the distortions they can induce makes it clearer that there is a need for both autonomous national policies (and a budget for national investment worthy of that name) and an appropriate territorial structure of the State (that does not replace centralization with paralyzing atomization). You can read more about this in…
Read More

Policy Paper 27 | Intergenerational Justice: Are We Measuring What Matters?

Behind any measurement of intergenerational justice, there is an underlying theory. Any such theory will require two crucial decisions. One is about the meaning of generation – age groups or birth cohorts. An age group is a group of those having reached the same age. It is in this sense that young and old belong to different generations. A birth cohort is a group of those born at the same time. Millennials and Baby Boomers are different generations in this second sense. Under the first meaning, we constantly change generation throughout our lives, from youth to old age. Under the…
Read More